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Sunday, 20 August 2017

German general cargo ship (ex-FCC Glory 2006) Glory 2006-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 August 2017

Antigua&Barbuda-flagged, homeport Saint John’s, IMO 9378254, MMSI 304902000 and call sign V2BR3. Ex-FCC Glory renamed March 2006. Owned and managed by Candler Schiffahrt, Bremen, Germany. Built by Dongfeng Ship Industry, Chongquing, China in 2006. 

The Bremen cog dated 1380s




German Maritime Museum, Germany August 2017

On 8 October 1962 was in Bremen the wreck of a cog dating from 1380 discovered and between 1962-1965 salvaged. The one-masted square-rigged carvel or clinker-built cog had a tonnage of 90 tons, displacement of 55 tons and as dimensions 23,27 x 7,62 x 4 (hold) metres although the figures are estimated using exhibition notes. There were later three almost dental replicas constructed named Ubena von Bremen, Hansekogge and Roland von Bremen.

Cogs or cog-built vessels are known of existing since the 10th century although becoming popular since the 12th century and built of oak. In first instance it were open ships which also could be rowed but since the 13th century the vessels were decked. In 948 was for the first time a cog mentioned in the Dutch town Muiden probably using the Norwegian trade vessel of the Knarr type developing into a sea going ship even with fore and aft castles for defence or war purposes. Around the 14th century reached the design the limits of further improving and increasing and needed to be replaced by a new designed ship. 

Japanese naval shipbuilding program sufficient according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the Jap. Chr. dated 17 June 1937 reporting that the Japanese naval command thought that a naval arms race yet had not started and that there were no reasons for increasing the third naval building program which was now executed. 

The Japanese naval budget for 1938 according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the Jap. Chr. dated 22 July 1938 reporting that the Japanese naval budget 1930 numbered 850.000.000 yen. The naval command desired hegemony in the western pacific and safety in the Far East. 

Japanese officers asked cabinet to eliminate Chinese military strength according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item reported that the board of the Merinkai, an organisation mainly consisting of former army and navy officers with as chairman general Tanaka (1) discussed what was going on in North China. In a statement was the Japanese cabinet urgently asked to stop negotiations with China but instead do anything needed to destroy the Chinese military strength in such a manner that China never would attack Japan again.

Note
1. Shuzuichi Tanaka (1 October 1867 Tatsuno, Hyogo, Japan-24 August 1945 Tokyo, Japan)?

The American submarines stationed at Manila, Philippines as observed by the Dutch submarine personnel in 1926

The Chief of the Dutch naval staff at The Hague, Netherlands after being informed that Dutch submarine officers had contact with the US Navy at Manila, Philippines asked on 12 June 1926 the chef naval staff in the Dutch East Indies for more details if available.(1) From Surabaya, Dutch East Indies was a letter dated 29 July sent confirming the contact between both navies but without requiring information of any importance. Some Dutch officers including the division commanding officer were allowed to go on board of an American submarine. Efforts to get more information about a submerged wireless connection were fruitless. The impression however was that the Dutch submarine service was superior compared with the American submarine service. Seldom was dived with the mother ship the USS Baevar (2) playing a very important roll during the voyages. If the division of 6 submarines left the harbour even for 2 days, the mother ship always went alone. On the other hand was during the building of the American submarines much attention paid on the issue personnel welfare versus accommodation.

Notes
1. In the Dutch East Indies were at that moment 13 Dutch submarines available namely the Hr. Ms. KI-K XIII, launched between 1913-1924, with a displacement varying between 320/380 and670/820 tons. Furthermore the depot ship Hr. Ms. Pelikaan. The Dutch division submarines commanded by lieutenant 1st class J.G. van den Berg consisting of the Hr. Ms. K II, KVII, KVIII and KIX stayed at Manila between 1-8 April for flag representation. Division commanding officer Jacobus Gerardus van den Berg became later commanding officer of the submarine service at Surabaya, Dutch East Indies later at Willemsoord, Netherlands.
2. The USS Beaver (AS-5), submarine tender, built by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company for account of the Union Pacific Railroad Company in 1910, bought from the San Francisco&Portland Steamship Company on 1 July 1918, commissioned on 1 October 1918, decommissioned on 17 July 1946, stricken on 15 August 1946 and sold to be broken up on 28 August 1950. She arrived on 12 July 1925 with 6 submarines of SubDiv16 and served in the Philippine and Chinese waters until leaving Manila on 1 May 1932.

Source
Archive Dutch naval staff 1886-1942 (National Atchive The Hague) inventory number 291. 

Luxembourg cable layer Isaac Newton 2015-





Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 August 2017

Luxembourg, IMO 9707297, MMSI 253134000 and call sign LXND. Gross tonnage 16.255 tons, net tonnage 4.877 tons, deadweight 13.433 tons and as dimensions 120,0 (between perpendiculars)-140,77 (over all)x 34,04 x 7,0 (maximum) x 11,0 (height sides) metres. Bollard pull 100 ton. Built by Uljanik Brodogradiliste/Shipyard, Pula, Croatia in 2015. Owned and managed by Dredging&Maritime Management or Vasco, Luxembourg. Speed 12,5 knots. 

Singapore LNG tanker Norgas Unikum 2011-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 August 2017

Singapore-flagged IMO 9468437, MMSI 565465000 and call sign 9V8563. Owned and managed by Norgas Carriers, Singapore. Built by AVIC Dingheng Shipbuilding, Yangzhou, China in 2011. 

German tug (ex-Atlantic Spruce 1995-1997, Felix 1997-2017) Carl 2017-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 August 2017

Germany-flagged, IMO 9112739, MMSI 211749880 and call sign DKEY. As the Felix owned by Bugsertjeneste II c/o Ostensjo Rederi AS and managed by Ostensjo Rederi AS, both of Haugesund, Norway, Norway-flag, homeport Haugesund, MMSI 259415000, call sign LIQK and built by East Isle Shipyard, Georgetown, Canada with yard number 62in 1995. Ex-Atlantic Spruce of Atlantic Towing Ltd./J.D. Irving Ltd, Charlottetown renamed August 1997. Gross tonnage 397 tons, net tonnage 110 tons, deadweight 580 tons and as dimensions 30,80 x 11,10 x 3,722 metres. Renamed Carl in 2017 and now owned bt J. Johannsen&Sohn, Luebeck, Germany. 

Dutch inland pusher tug (ex-Panta Rhei 1981-1988, Elmar 198801998, Salvé 1998-2998) Alany 2008-2011 (Arend 2011-)

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Netherlands-flagged, ENI 2316425. Ex-Panta Rhei of P. Hevelman, Krimpen a/d Ijssel, Netherlands, renamed 1988 Elmar of same owner, renamed Salvé in 1998 of D.H.W.J. Rensen, Poortugaal, Netherlands, renamed Alany in 2008 of P. Hoefnagel, Tollebeek, Netherlands and Arend in 2011 of Adelaar Duwvaart BV, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Built by van Gelder, Gorinchem, Netherlands with yard number 8614 in 1980. 

Swiss inland tanker (ex-Campania 2000-2005) Piz K2 2005-2014) K2 2014-)

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

ENI 2324587. Built by Centromost Stocznia Rzeczna, Plock, Poland and completed by Joh. Van Duijvendijk BV, Krimpen a/d Ijssel, Netherlands in 2000. Ex-Campania of Vopak Berging Europe BV, Rotterdam, Netherlands, since 2005 Piz K2 of Fluvia AG, Basel, Switzerland and since 2014 renamed K2 of Fluvia AG or Interstream Barging Vegoil AG, Zug, Switzerland, Switzerland-flagged, ENI 07001827, MMSI 269057228 and call sign HE7228. 

Belgian inland tanker Tarsis 2004-

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Belgium-flagged, ENI 06004050, MMSI 205442290 and call sign OT4422. Built by Giurgiu Shipyard, Giurgiu, Romania and completed by Asto, Raamsdonksveer, Netherlands for account of R, Verdoodt, Schoten, Belgium in 2004. 

German inland cargo ship Esslingen 1988-2015 (Stellenbosch 2015-)

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Germany-flagged, EU 5501900. Built by Arminiuswerft, Bodenwerder, Germany with yard number 10506 in 1988 for account of Dettmer&Co. reederei GmbH, Bremen, Germany and renamed Stellenbosch in 2015 of Imperial Shipping Group, Duisburg-Ruhrort, Germany. 

German inland tanker (ex-Va-Banque 1993-2004, Franken 2004-2006) Main-Spessart 2006-

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Germany-flagged, ENI 04801410, MMSI 211535300 and call sign DC9855. Ex-Va-Banque of Vof. Va-Banque, Nieuwegein, Netherlands, renamed Franken of Stahl Schiffahrt, Schollbrunn, Germany in 2004 and renamed Main-Spessart of Gebr. Stahl, Aschaffenburg, Germany in 2006. Built by Neue Oderwerft, Eisenhüttenstadt, Germany and completed by Dolderman, Dordrecht, Netherlands in 1993. 

Dutch inland tanker (ex-Dordrecht 27 1975-1993, Dordrecht 37 1993-2000, Vopak. Celsius 2000-2008) Celsius 2008-

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Netherlands-flagged, IMO 7383839, ENI 02314364, MMSI 244660301 and call sihn PH4976. Ex-Dordrecht 27 of Gebr. Broere BV, Dordrecht, Netherlands, renamed Dordrecht 37 of Gebr. Broer BV in 1993, renamed in 2000 Vopak. Celsius of Frisia BV, Dordrecht, since 2006 of R. Otter, Heerenveen who renamed her Celsius in 2008. 

Dutch inland tanker Blizzard 1983-

Merwede off Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2017

Netherlands-flagged, EU/ENI 2316967, MMSI 244660413 and call sign PH8343. Built by De Kaap, Meppel, Netherlands for account of Chemgas BV, Rotterdam, Netherlands with yard number 199 in 1983. Since 2003 of Chemgas Shipping BV, Rotterdam. 

British Dido-class cruisers also responsible for the air defence of the fleet according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine U.S.R. dated 24 June 1937 reporting that of the main tasks of the cruisers of the Dido-class was to be responsible for the air defence of the fleet.(1)

Note
1 Of the Dido-class, preceded by the Town-class and succeeded by the Crown Colony-class, totally were 16 built. The design armament consisted of 5x2-13,3cm/5.25” quick firing guns, 2x4-12,7mm/0.5” Vickers machine guns, 24x-4cm/2pd quick firing guns pom-poms and 2x3-53,3cm/21” torpedo tubes. 

Japanese cruiser Ashigara visited Berlin, Germany according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item reported that the commanding officer of the Japanese cruiser Ashigara (10 rear admiral Kobayashi (2) was very impressed during his visit at Berlin, Germany of the German progress. He stated after his return in Japan tow witness his enthusiasm for the Japanese people and the naval command

Notes
1. Heavy cruiser of the Myoko-class, laid down by Kawasaki Shipyards, Kobe, Japan on 11 April 1925, launched on 2 April 1928, commissioned on 20 August 1929 and sunk by the British submarine HMS Trenchant on 8 June 1945 while used to transport troops in the Bangka Strait.
2. Sonosuke Koboyashi (2 October 1886-17 March 1975). 

Japanese firm exploiting iron mines on French New Caledonia according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine Jap.Chr. dated 19 August 1937 reported that the Japan Steel Pipe Company was allowed by the government of French New Caledonia to establish a firm to exploit the ore mines eat that moment French property. The estimated capacity was 20 million tons of ore of 50-60% purity. 

Japanese Trocal shells fishery along coasts of French New Caledonia according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the le Yacht dated 10 July 1937 reporting that Japanese fishermen now were involved in the Troca shells fishery along the coasts of French New Caledonia. Already was one32 tons  motor boat seized after breaking the fishery rules. 

Saturday, 19 August 2017

Russian coastal defence ship General Admiral Graf Apraksin 1894-1905 and Japanese coastal defence ship 2nd class Okinoshima 1905-1939


Laid down by New Admiralty Works, St. Petersburg, Russia on 24 October 1894, launched on 12 May 1896, commissioned in 1899, captured by Japan on 28 May 1905, commissioned in Japanese navy as Okinoshima on 6 June 1905, decommissioned and reclassified as submarine tender on 1 April 1922 and broken up in September 1939.

Of the Admiral Ushakov-class consisting of the Admiral Ushakov, General Admiral Apraksin and Admiral Senyavin, preceded by the Gangut which was a smaller version of the Imperator Aleksandr II-class battleships. Displacement 4.232 (normal)-4.339 (maximum) tons and as dimensions 84,6 (waterline) x 15,88 x 5,49 metres or 277.7 x 52.1 x 18.0 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 shaft vertical triple expansion steam engines and 8 boilers supplying 5.250 shp allowing a speed of 16 knots. With a speed of 10 knots and the coal bunker capacity was the range 3.000 nautical miles. Her crew numbered 406 men. Original armament consisted of 1x2&1x1-24,5cm/10” guns, 4x1-12.7cm/4.7” guns, 10-4,7cm/1.9” guns, 12-3,7cm/1.5” guns and 4-45cm/18” torpedo tubes and in Japanese service 3-25,4cm/10” guns, 6-15,2cm/6” guns and 2-4,7cm/1.9” Hotchkiss guns. The armament consisted of a 25cm/9.8” thick belt, 7,5cm/3” thick deck and 20cm/7.9” for the turrets. 

Russian coastal defence ship Admiral Senyavin 1892-1905 and Japanese coastal defence ship 2nd class Mishima 1905-1936


Laid down by Baltic Works, St. Petersburg, Russia on 2 August 1892, launched on 22 August 1894, commissioned in 1896, captured on 28 May 1905, commissioned in the Japanese navy as Mishima on 6 June 1905, reclassified as submarine tender on 1 April 1921, stricken on 10 October 1935 and sunk while used as a target off Kushima, Miyazaki in September 1936.

Of the Admiral Ushakov-class consisting of the Admiral Ushakov, General Admiral Apraksin and Admiral Senyavin, preceded by the Gangut which was a smaller version of the Imperator Aleksandr II-class battleships. Displacement 4.232 (normal)-4.339 (maximum) tons and as dimensions 84,6 (waterline) x 15,88 x 5,49 metres or 277.7 x 52.1 x 18.0 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 shaft vertical triple expansion steam engines and 8 boilers supplying 5.250 shp allowing a speed of 16 knots. With a speed of 10 knots and the coal bunker capacity was the range 3.000 nautical miles. Her crew numbered 406 men. Original armament consisted of 2x2-24,5cm/10” guns, 4x1-12.7cm/4.7” guns, 10-4,7cm/1.9” guns, 12-3,7cm/1.5” guns and 4-45cm/18” torpedo tubes and in Japanese service 4-25,4cm/10” guns, 6-15,2cm/6” guns and 2-4,7cm/1.9” Hotchkiss guns. The armament consisted of a 25cm/9.8” thick belt, 7,5cm/3” thick deck and 20cm/7.9” for the turrets. . 

Russian battleship Poltava 1892-1905 and Japanese Tango 1905-1916 and Russian Chesma 1916-1924

Russian Imperator Nikolai I as the Japanese Iki

Russian Poltava as Japanese Tango

Laid down at the New Admiralty Shipyard, St. Petersburg, Russia on 19 May 1892, launched on 6 November 1894, commissioned in 1899, sunk after hits by Japanese gunfire on 5 December 1904, captured by the Japanese forces at Port Arthur in January 1905, refloated in July 1905, renamed Tango and commissioned in the Japanese navy on 22 August 1905, reclassified as 1st class coast defence ship in 1916, sold back to Russia on ¾ April 1916, renamed Chesma, in hands of the Bolsheviks in October 1917, captured by British forces in March 1919, recaptured by Soviet forces and stricken on 3 July 1924.

Of the Petropavlovsk-class consisting of the Poltava, Sevastopol and Petropavlovsk, preceded by the Imperator Aleksandr II-class and succeeded by the Tri Sviatitelia. Displacement 11.140 9design)-11.685 tons and as dimensions 114,6 (over all) x 21,3 c 8,6 metres or 376 x 70 x 28 feet. The machinery consisted of 14 cylindrical fire-tube boilers and 2 vertical triple expansion engines delivering via 2 shafts 10.600 ihp allowing a speed of 16 knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 3.750 nautical miles. Her crew numbered 631-652 men in Russian service and 668 in Japanese service. The Krupp armour consisted of a 25,4cm/10”-36,8cm/14.5” thick waterline belt, a 6,1cm/2”-7,6cm/3” thick deck with the main turrets, secondary turrets and conning tower protected by respectively 24,5cm/10”, 12,7cm/12” and 22,9cm/9”. Originally consisted the armament of 2x2-30,5cm/12” guns, 2x2&4x1-15,2cm/6’ guns, 12x1-4,7cm/1.9” guns, 28x1-3,7cm/1.5” guns, 4-38,1cm/15” surfaced torpedo tubes and 2-45,7c,/18” submerged torpedo tubes. In Japanese service was the armament changed into 2-12” guns, 10-6” guns, 10x1-12pd quick firing guns, 4-18” surfaced torpedo tubes and 50 mines. 

Dutch ocean going minesweeper Hr. Ms. Onverschrokken (1952-1970) and torpedo work ship Mercuur (A856) 1970-1987




Docked at Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Laid down at the shipyard of the Peterson Builders Incorporation, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, USA on 19 February 1952, launched on 17 January 1953 and commissioned on 22 July 1953 as Hr. Ms. Onverschrokken (M886). She and her sister ships were built in the USA and handed over to the Netherlands according to the Mutual Defense Assistance Program. Since 1 January 1969 classified as headquarters-support ship for minesweepers squadrons.

Since 1970 was she no longer used as a minesweeper and was in 1972 rebuilt as a torpedo work ship and at the same time renamed Mercuur. All torpedo works ships serving in the Royal Netherlands Navy since the 1880’s are named Mercuur. She assisted at torpedo launching tests executed by submarines by afterwards picking up the torpedo and taken at board preparing for the next test launching. Further more served she as target during torpedo tests. In 1987 replaced by the Mercuur (A900) built by Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding. Temporarily handed over to the Stichting Nautisch Kwartier Amsterdam, however given back to the Royal Netherlands Navy after some time. Then handed over to the Stichting Behoud Maritieme Monumenten and became a museum ship since 1992 at Scheveningen, Netherlands until December 2015 when she was towed back to Den Helder, Netherlands after she was given back to the Royal Netherlands Navy on 15 December. Her final fate was to be broken up there. The Stichting Maritiem Erfgoed Vlissingen succeeded in 2016 to persuade the Royal Netherlands Navy to save her for the time necessary to develop a business-plan as museum ship. On Saturday 16 December 2016 arrived the partly stripped  in Vlissingen-Oost. There is the asbestos to be removed and started with the maintenance and conversion again into a museum ship. On 17th August 2017 she was docked at Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands with the intention to be undocked on the 25th and the same day to be towed towards Vlissingen where she temporarily will be berthed in the Dokhaven waiting for her final berth in the 17th Century dry dock Dok van Perry. On 1 September 2017 she will be officially handed over by the Royal Netherlands Navy to the foundation Stichting Maritiem Erfgoed Vlissingen which maintain her as a museum ship.

Displacement 790 tons and as dimensions 55,00 x 10,70 x 3,70 metres. Original diesel motors supplying 1.600 hp allowing via 2 screws a speed of 15,5 knots. Her crew numbered 67 men. The armament consisted of 1-4cm machinegun. 

Several Russian naval officers accused of Trotski sympathy according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine le Yacht dated 4 September 1937 reported that 39 naval officers of the Baltic Fleet and 50 of the East Asiatic squadron included admiral Vitkorov (1) were accused of Trotski (2) sympathy. Also the supreme commanding officer admiral Orloff (3) seemed to be compromised.

Notes
1. Mikhail Vladimirovich Viktorov (24 December 1893 Yarislavl, Russia-executed 1 August 1938), commander in chief ofd soviet naval forces between August 1937-January 1938, served in the navy between 1913-1937.
2. Leon Trotsky (26 October 1879 near Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, nowadays Ukraine-murdered on 21 August 1940 Coyoacán, Mexico), Marxist revolutionary , theorist and Soviet politician, the last stadium of his life living in exile.
3. Vladimir Mitrofanovich Orlov (15 July 1895 Kherson, Ukraine-executed 28 July 1938), commander in chief between July 1931-July 1937, served in the navy between 1916-1937. Arrested on 10 July 1937. Preceded by the Romuald Muklevich and succeeded by the Mikhail Viktorov. 

Royal Canadian Navy modernizing and increasing fleet according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine Marine Rundschau dated June 1937 reporting that Canada bought for 2 million pound sterling the British destroyers Cygnet (1) and Crescent (2) which were renamed Fraser and St. Laurent. The destroyers Champlain (3) and Vancouver (4) however were stricken. Further more were 4 minesweepers (5) under construction, two for the Atlantic and two for the Pacific fleets. The personnel strength was increased with 375 persons to totally 1.339 persons.

Notes
1. Building ordered on 9 July 1930, laid down by Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow-in Furness, England with yard number 667 on 1 December 1930, launched on 29 September 1931, complete on 1 April 1932, sold to Canada on 1 February 1937, commissioned as the St. Laurent (H83) on 17 February 1937, decommissioned on 10 October 1945 and broken up in 1947. C-class destroyer.
2. Laid down by Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow-in-Furness, England on 1 December 1930, launched on 29 September 1931, completed on 15 April 1932, commissioned to Canada on 20 October 1936, commissioned as the Fraser (H48) on 17 February 1937 and sunk in a collision in the Gironde estuary, France with the British light cruiser HMS Calcutta on 25 June 1940. C-class destroyer.
3. Building ordered in June 1917, launched by Thornycroft as the Torbay on 6 March 1919, transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy on 1 March 1928, renamed Champlain, decommissioned on 25 November 1935 and sold to be broken up in 1937. Thornycroft S-class destroyer.
4. Building ordered in June 1917, laid down as the Toreador by Thornycroft in November 1917, launched on 7 December 1918, completed in April 1919, loaned to the Royal Canadian Navy in 1927, renamed as Vancouver commissioned on 1 March 1928, decommissioned on 25 November 1936 and arrived at Vancouver on 24 April 1937 to be broken up. Thornycroft S-class destroyer.
5. This must be the Fundy-class, succeeded by the Bangor-class consisting of the Comox (J64), Fundy (J88), Gaspe (J94) and Nootka (J35). All four launched and commissioned in 1938. 

Canada strengthening defence of Vancouver and Victoria and increasing nvy harbour Esquimault aaccording to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine Marine Rundschau dated June 1937 reporting that at Vancouver a large airfield was to be founded and anti aircraft batteries added to the defence. The navy harbour Esquimaut yet of small importance was to be increased and further more were the defence works of Victoria to be renewed and anti aircraft batteries deployed. 

Canada consolidating sovereignty over islands in the arctic zone service according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item referred to the U.S.R. dated 5 August 1937 reporting that a polar expedition left Montreal, Canada to the arctic zone to consolidating the Canadian sovereignty over the larger islands. The expedition was a result of the in creasing Russian interest in the area. 

Canada strengthening defence along coastline of British Columbia service according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1937 no. 6

An item reported that the Canadian parliament approved a budget of 1,4 million pound sterling needed to strengthen the Canadian West coastline (British Columbia) by founding an aircraft station at Prince Rupert and coastal fortress at Straat Johnson [Johnstone Strait] where all ships destined for Vancouver passed. 

Friday, 18 August 2017

Dutch inland plough boat (ex-TV 165 1975-2007) Janneke 2007-

Harbour Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Dimensions 15,7 x 4,8 x 2,1 x 2,3 (hold) metres. Owned by Dutch Dredging Baggerbedrijf De Boer Holding B.V, Sliedrecht, Netehrlands since 9 May 2007.  Built as the RV 165 for the Koninklijke Marechaussee (royal military police) by Damen, Hardinxveld-Giessendam, Netherlands with yard number 1433 on 17 June 1975. 

Belgian tug Union Emerald 2005-

Harbour Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Belgium-flagged, homeport Antwerp, Belgium, IMO 9314296, MMSI 205417000 and call sign OROE. Gross tonnage 493 tons, summer deadweight 92 tons and as dimensions 33 x 11 x 5,6 metres. Built in 2005 at Astilleros Armon, Navia, Spain. Owned by URS Belgium, Antwerp, Belgium and managed by Union de Remorquage et de Sauvetage, Antwerp, Belgium. 

Dutch tug Southampton 2017-

Harbour Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Malta-flagged or St. Vincent-flagged, homeport Valletta, IMO 9816672, MMSI 248381000 and call sign 9HA4635. ASD tug 2913. Displacement (full) 705 tons and as dimensions 29,10 (over all) x 13,23 (over all) x 5,50 (draught aft) x 5,35 (depth at side) metres. Power  2x2525 kW. Bollard pull 80,0 tons. Speed 13,7 knots. Launched by Damen Shipyards Gorinchem, Gorinchem, Netherlands/Galati, Romania with building number 513115 on 31 March 2017 for Kotug Smit Towage and delivered June 2017. 

Norwegian Maltese tug (ex-Boa Njord 2010-2013) SD Salvor 2013-

Harbour Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Malta-flagged, homeport Valletta, IMO 9551911, MMSI 248465000and callsign 9HA2375. Ex-Boa Njord renamed April 2013. Gross tonnage 490 tons, net tonnage 147 tons and dimensions 30 (between perpendiculars)-32 (over all) x 11,60 x 5,36 x 20 (air draft)metres. Bollard pull 67 ton.Maximum speed 13,5 knots. Main engines 2x1.920 kW. Caterpillar 3516 BHD. Built in 2010 at the Medyilmaz Shipyard, Karadeniz Eregli, Turkey. Owned by Edeisvaag, Haugesund, Norwaycand managed by Kotug International, Rotterdam, Netherlands. In 2014 still owned by Elisabeth, Gzira, Malta. 

Dutch tug Dian Kingdom 2015-

Harbour Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Netherlands-flagged, homeport Vlissingen, IMO 9660944, MMSI 244850975 and call sign PCTG. Gross tonnage 365 tons, net tonnage 109 tons, deadweight 200 tons, displacement 705 tons and as dimensions 30,66 (over all) x 11 (over all) x 4,60 9depth at sides) x 4,80 (minimum)-4,80 (operating)-5,20 (maximum after) metres. Bollard pull 70 tons. Speed 13 knots. Total power 3.680kW/4.934bhp. Maritime connector mentioned the Damen Gorinchem 511802, gross tonnage 380 tons, built by Damen Shipyard Gorinchem, Gorinchem, Netherlands in 2014, Saint Vincent&Grenadines-flagged and homeport Kingstown. Website of Seacontractors mentioned built in 2015 by Damen Vietnam. Owned and managed by Seacontractors, Middelburg, Netherlands. 

Dutch tug Gent 1985-

Dry docked Vlissingen-Oost, Netherlands 18 August 2017

Belgium-flagged, IMO 8409305, MMSI 205086000 and call sign ORLS. Gross tonnage 323 tons, summer deadweight 296 tons and as dimensions 33 x 10 x 4,2 metres. Built in 1985 at the Scheepswerf Van Rupelmonde, Rupelmonde, Belgium. Speed 7,1-8,5 knots. Owned by Unie van Redding- en Sleepvaart (URS), Antwerp, Belgium, since 2011 URS BvbA, Antwerp, Belgium, since 2006 B.V. Zeeuse Maritime Holding, Terneuzen, Netherlands, since 2010 of Unie van Redding&Sleepdienst, Terneuzen and since 2016 of Kotug Smit Towage, Rotterdam, Netherlands in a joint venture with Boskalis. 

Dutch inland tug (ex-Snel 1913-1949, Mariette 1949-1977, Hendrina II 1977-1996) Jan de Sterke 1996-


Merwede, Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2009

Netherlands-flagged, ENI 02308348 en EU 3011775. Dimensions 14,37 x 3,90 x 1,65 metres. Fitted out with a 65hp Kreber steam engine. Built by C.W. van Straaten&van den Brink, The Hague, Netherlands in 1913. As Snel owned by N.V. Snel Sleepboot (C. Overwater), Rotterdam, Netherlands, since 1935 by J.H. van Bon, Millingen a/d Rijn, Netherlands, since 1939 of Van Kriekels&Tiereni, Luik, Belgium, renamed Mariette in 1949 by Dullere, Namen, Belgium. Since 1970 of a German owner, since 1972 of Gimborn, Emmen, Netherlands, renamed Hendrika II in 1977 by Leeuwarder sleepdienst (H. van Duuren), Oostwierum, Netherlands, since 1995 of Stichting De Compound, Gorinchem and renamed Jan de Sterke in 1996 by Stichting Stoomboot Jan de Sterke, Gorinchem

Dutch inland government service vessel RWS 44 2006-

Merwede, Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2009

Netherlands-flagged, registration number 2006-48182, Of Rijkswaterstaat Dienst Oost-Nederland, Arnhem, Netherlands and since 2009 of Rijkwaterstaat Rijksrederij, Rijswijk, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. Built by Damen Shipyard, Hardinxveld, Netherlands in 2006. 

British cruiser HMS Aurora launched according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6

An item reported that at the navy yard at Devonport, England on 30 September the light armoured cruiser Aurora (1) was launched. She was the first of the eight to be built under the 1912-1913 program. It was a new kind of cruisers as Churchill in the House of Commons stated, capable to overhaul and destroy any destroyers at that moment existing. The oil fuelled machinery supplied 30.000 hp allowing a speed of 29 miles. Displacement 3.700 tons and a length of 125 metres. The vertical armour had a thickness of 5,1cm. Main armament consisted of 10,2cm/4” guns. The 8 ships of this design to be built under the 1913-1914 programme were the Calliope, Conquest, Cordelia, Carysfort, Cleopatra, Comus, Caroline and Champion.(1)

Notes
1. Of the Arethusa-class light cruisers, laid down at the Devonport Dockyard on 24 October 1912, launched on 30 September 1913, commissioned in September 1914, sold to Canada on 25 March 1920 and finally sold to be broken up in August 1927.
2. The Caroline-class. 

Russian light cruisers under construction at Reval, Estonia according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6

Svetlana-class

An item reported that Creusot was building at Reval [nowadays Tallinn, Estonia] was building for the Russian navy light cruisers with a displacement of 6.728 tons and as dimensions 158 x 15.25 x 5,53 metres. The machinery consisted of 4 Curtis turbines and 13 boilers supplying 50.000 hp allowing a speed of 29,5 miles. Armour consisted of a 7,5cm thick main belt and a 2,5cm thick deck. The armament consisted pf 15-13cm guns, 4-6,3cm anti aircraft guns, 4 machineguns, 100 mines and 2-45cm submerged torpedo launchers.(1)

Note
1. This must be the Svetlana and the Admiral Greig, both built at the Russo-Baltic shipyard. The Svetlana was laid down on 7 December 1913 and the Admiral Greig on 7 November 1913.The Svetlana was the sole ship of the Svetlana completed as a cruiser although not earlier commissioned as on 1 July 1928. 

Spanish España-class battleships all obsolete before even completed according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6


An item reported that trades magazines claimed that the Spanish España-class battleships despite even not completed already were obsolete die to the limited speed of just 19,5 miles and the weak armament and armour.(1)

Note
1. Built between 1909-1921 by Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval, El Ferrol, Spain consisting of the España, Alfonso XIII and Jaime I of which the latter was not earlier completed as in 20 December 1921 with her keel laid down already on 5 February 1912. 

Thursday, 17 August 2017

Belgian inland cargo vessel Oxford 2007-

Merwede, Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2009

Belgium-flagged, ENI 06105018. Built by Sainty Marine, Vizheng, China and completed by Doldermand, Dordrecht, Netherlands for account of Befa Shipping NV (O. de Smedt), Schilde, Belgium, since 2013 of Chemcon Trans AG, Zug. Belgium. 

Dutch inland cargo push barge Johanna II 2006-



Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2009

Netherlands-flagged, ENI 02328248. Built by Santierul Naval SA, Orsova, Romania and completed by De Groot Motoren BV., Dordrecht, Netherlands in 2006. Owned by P.H.W. Oom, Rotterdam, Netherlands. 

Dutch inland vessel Prinses Margriet 1958-

Gorinchem, Netherlands 9 May 2009

Netherlands-flagged, ENI 02203600. A so-called motor beunschip. Built by De Hunze, Foxhol, Netherlands in 1958. Owned by Heuff;s Zandzuigerij N.V., since 1992 Heuff‘s Zandzuigerij B.\V., both at Gorinchem. 

Swedish diesel-electric submarine Nordkaparen 1959-


Of the Draken-class consisting of the Dolphin, Dragon, Griffin, Springaren, Wolf and Nordkaparen, preceded by the Hajen-class and succeeded by the Näcken- and Sjöormen-classes. General technical class specifications. Displacement 770 (surfaced)-950 (submerged) tons and as dimensions 69,3 x 5,1 x 5,3 metres or 227 x 17 x 17 feet. Speed 17 (surfaced)-22 (submerged) knots. Crew numbered 36 men. Armament consisted of 4-53,3cm/21” bow torpedo tubes for which 12 torpedoes were carried. Built by Kockums, Malmö and navy yard Karlskrona, Sweden. Laid down in 1959, launched on 8 March 1961, commissioned on 4 April 1962, decommissioned in 1988 and since 1993 museum ship at Gothenburg. 

Russian torpedo boats under construction at Reval, Estonia according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6

An item reported that Creusot was building at Reval [nowadays Tallinn, Estonia] was building for the Russian navy torpedo boats with a displacement of 1.260 tons, dimensions 98 x 9,34 x 2,78 metres. Armament consisted of 2-10,2cm guns, 2 machineguns and 4-45cm torpedo launchers mounted on deck. The machinery consisted of 2 Curtiss turbines and 4 double boilers supplying 3.000 hp allowing a speed of 35 miles. 

Experiments with marine police organisation on board of British battle cruiser HMS Queen Mary according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6

An item reported that on board of the British battle cruiser HMS Queen Mary was experimented with reorganizing the marine police on board. Usually performed by one master at arms supported by 5 corporals were now 15 petty officers of different departments responsible for maintaining the order. After she was commissioned was until her departure towards sea the original organisation restored.(1)

Note
1. Preceded by the Lion-class, succeeded by the Tiger, building ordered under the 1910-1911 Naval Programme, laid down by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Jarrow, England on 6 March 1911, launched on 20 March 1912, completed in August 1913, commissioned on 4 September 1913 and sunk in the Battle of Jutland by hits of the German battle cruiser SMS Derfflinger on 31 May 1916. 

Romanian destroyers built at Naples, Italy according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1913-1914 no. 6

An item reported that the 4-1.500 tons destroyers under construction by Pattison, Naples, Italy for Romania were each to fitted out with 2 turbines of the Tosi-design placed in the Italian torpedo boats. Horsepower 40.000 ehp at 500rpm should allow a speed of 35 miles. Turbines for backwards moving delivered 13.000 ehp. The destroyers had as dimensions 07 x 9,5 x 3 metres and a displacement of 1.300 (trial)-1.450 (full loaded). Armament consisted of 3-12cm guns, 7-7,6cm guns and 2 torpedo launchers. 

French destroyer Hussard performed well during her trials according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1909-1910 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine le Yacht reporting that the Hussard (1) one of the new large French destroyers completed her official trial and achieved a speed of 29,9 miles while the contracted speed was 28 miles. She was the second ship of the Chasseur type which executed so easy the full speed trial.(1)

Note
1. Of the Spahi-class, consisting of the Aspirant Herber, carabinier, Enseigne Henry, Hussard, Lansquenet, Mameluck and Spahi, preceded by the Claymoe-class, succeeded by the Voltigeur-class, launched by Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, Nantes, France on 12 September 1908, completed in September 1911 and stricken in March 1922. 

French destroyer Chasseur executed her trial with success according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1909-1910 no. 6

An item referred to the magazine Schiffbau reporting that the French destroyer Chasseur built by Chantiers et ateliers Augustin Normand, Le Havre, France performed the official full speed trial. Achieved a speed of 30,4 miles while 28 miles was guaranteed. The 2-shaft 4 Parsons turbines made by the Compagnie Electro-Mécanique du Borget developed at a speed of 28 miles a power of 7.200 hp at 850 rpm.(1)

Note
1. 2. Of the Chasseur-class consisting of the Chasseur, Actée, Cavalier, Fantassin and the Janissaire, preceded by the Voltigeur-class and succeeded by the Bouclier-class, launched by Chantiers et Ateliers Augustin Normand, Le Havre, France on  20 February 1909 and stricken in October 1919.

Several French torpedo boats and destroyer Espignole stricken according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1903-1904 no. 7

An item referred to the magazine Rundschau reporting that the French torpedo boats No.’s 58-59, 72, 123 and Edmon Fontaine and the destroyer Espignole were stricken. 

New burner tested on board of French battleship Suffren according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1903-1904 no. 7

An item referred to the magazine le Yacht dated 10 October 1903 reporting that on board of the French battleship Suffren a burner invented by engineer M. Merlu was tested with success good results that the navy probably was going to use it.(1)

Note
Preceded by the Iéna and succeeded by the République-class. 1. Building ordered on 21 April 1898, laid down at the Arsenal de Brest, France on 5 January 1899, launched on 25 July 1899, commissioned on 3 February 1904 and torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-52 off Lisbon, Portugal on 26 November 1916. 

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

American diesel-electric submarine USS Hardhead (SS-365) 1943-1972 and Greek submarine Papanikolis (S114) 1972-1993


Laid down by Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company, Manitowoc, Washington, USA on 7 July 1941, launched on 12 December 1943, in active service 18 April 1944-10 May 1946, 6 February 1952-22 May 1952, conversion into a Guppy IIA type, 24 March 1953-26 July 1962, handed over to Greece and renamed Papanikolis (S114), stricken 1993 and broken up.

Of the Balao-class, preceded by the Gato-class and succeeded by the Tench-class. General original technical specifications 1.526/1.550 (surfaced)-2.424/2.463 (submerged) tons and as dimensions 92,05 x 8,31 x 5,13 (maximum) metres or 311.9 x 27.3 x 16.10 feet. The machinery consisted of 4 Fairbanks-Morse Model38D8 10-cylinder opposed pistons diesel engines driving electric generator and 4-high sped Elliott electric motors with reduction gears and 2-126cell Sargo batteries delivering 5.400 shp (surfaced)-2.740shp (submerged) via 2 screws  allowing a speed of 20,25 (surfaced)-8,75 (submerged) knots and a range of 11.000 nautical miles while surfaced with a speed of 10 knots. The submerged endurance with a speed of 2 knots was 48 hours. Endurance on patrol 75 days. Diving depth 120 (test) metres or 400 feet. Crew numbered 8-81 men (included 10 officers). The armament consisted of 6-53,cm/21” torpedo tubes forward and 5-53,3cm/21” torpedo tubes aft for which 24 torpedoes were carried and furthermore 1-12,7cm/5” /25cal gun and 4cm Bofors and 2cm Oerlikon cannon. General original technical specifications after conversion displacement 1.848 (surfaced)-2.440 (submerged) tons, fitted out with a snorkel one diesel engine and generator were removed with as result a surfaced speed of 13,5 (cruising)-17,0 (maximum) and while submerged 3,0 (cruising)-8,0 (snorkelling)-14,1 (during ½ hour) knots. The torpedo armament remained although all guns were removed. 

Russian submarine Zvezda (P2) 1931-1956


Laid down at the Ordzhinikidze Yard at St. Petersburg, Russia in 1931, launched in 1935 and broken up in 1956. Of the Pravda-class or P-class submarines consisting of the Pravda (P1), Zvezda (P2) and Iskra (P3); the fourth boat was never built. Of the Baltic Fleet. Originally designed in (October) 1930 to support battleships on long range operations. It became clear that due to the weak double hull construction which was divided into 8 compartments, worse seagoing qualities, powerless machinery and asking too much time during diving the boats less suitable were for attack-defence purposes. Instead were they used for training purposes and during the Second World War mainly for transport tasks. Stiffening and weight cutting were used to strengthen the hulls. The Pravda sunk on 17 September 1941, the sails of the Zvezda and Iskra were later modernized similar to the K-class. The building started in 1931 and was not earlier completed as five years later.

General technical specifications. Displacement 1.200 (surfaced)-1.870 (submerged) tons and as dimensions 90,0 x 3,0 metres. The machinery consisted of 2 shaft diesel-electric engines delivering 1.400 (electric)-5.400 (diesel) hp allowing a speed of 20,5 (surfaced)-11,8 (submerged) knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 5.700 nautical miles. The diving depth was 100metres or 100 340 feet. Crew numbered 54 men. The armament consisted of 6 torpedo tubes (4 bow, 2 stern) for which 10 torpedoes were carried, 2-10cm guns and 1-4,5cm gun. 

Russian submarine Iskra (P3) 1931-1952


Laid down at the Ordzhinikidze Yard at St. Petersburg, Russia in 1931, launched in 1935 and broken up in 1952. Of the Pravda-class or P-class submarines consisting of the Pravda (P1), Zvezda (P2) and Iskra (P3); the fourth boat was never built. Of the Baltic Fleet. Originally designed in (October) 1930 to support battleships on long range operations. It became clear that due to the weak double hull construction which was divided into 8 compartments, worse seagoing qualities, powerless machinery and asking too much time during diving the boats less suitable were for attack-defence purposes. Instead were they used for training purposes and during the Second World War mainly for transport tasks. Stiffening and weight cutting were used to strengthen the hulls. The Pravda sunk on 17 September 1941, the sails of the Zvezda and Iskra were later modernized similar to the K-class. The building started in 1931 and was not earlier completed as five years later.

General technical specifications. Displacement 1.200 (surfaced)-1.870 (submerged) tons and as dimensions 90,0 x 3,0 metres. The machinery consisted of 2 shaft diesel-electric engines delivering 1.400 (electric)-5.400 (diesel) hp allowing a speed of 20,5 (surfaced)-11,8 (submerged) knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 5.700 nautical miles. The diving depth was 100metres or 100 340 feet. Crew numbered 54 men. The armament consisted of 6 torpedo tubes (4 bow, 2 stern) for which 10 torpedoes were carried, 2-10cm guns and 1-4,5cm gun.

Russian submarine Pravda (P1) 1931-1941


Laid down at the Ordzhinikidze Yard at St. Petersburg, Russia in 1931, launched in 3 January 1934 and sunk off Hango, Finland on 17 September 1941. Of the Pravda-class or P-class submarines consisting of the Pravda (P1), Zvezda (P2) and Iskra (P3); the fourth boat was never built. Of the Baltic Fleet. Originally designed in (October) 1930 to support battleships on long range operations. It became clear that due to the weak double hull construction which was divided into 8 compartments, worse seagoing qualities, powerless machinery and asking too much time during diving the boats less suitable were for attack-defence purposes. Instead were they used for training purposes and during the Second World War mainly for transport tasks. Stiffening and weight cutting were used to strengthen the hulls. The Pravda sunk on 17 September 1941, the sails of the Zvezda and Iskra were later modernized similar to the K-class. The building started in 1931 and was not earlier completed as five years later.

General technical specifications. Displacement 1.200 (surfaced)-1.870 (submerged) tons and as dimensions 90,0 x 3,0 metres. The machinery consisted of 2 shaft diesel-electric engines delivering 1.400 (electric)-5.400 (diesel) hp allowing a speed of 20,5 (surfaced)-11,8 (submerged) knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 5.700 nautical miles. The diving depth was 100metres or 100 340 feet. Crew numbered 54 men. The armament consisted of 6 torpedo tubes (4 bow, 2 stern) for which 10 torpedoes were carried, 2-10cm guns and 1-4,5cm gun. 

Turkey buying destroyers from Germany according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 7

An item reported that Turkey bought 4 destroyers from Germany and that in Germany already 4 new ones as replacement were laid down. Earlier tidings spoke from torpedo boats. 

Danish navy choose for budget reasons for Whitehead built submarine according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 7

An item reported that the Danish director of naval shipbuilding at Copenhagen, Denmark stated that just for budget reasons was chosen for a Whitehead-submarine instead for a second Fiat submarine. The first Danish submarine was the Dykkeren. The Whitehead submarine was preferred above the German Germania submarine while the first better suited to the Danish demands.(1)

Note
1. Launched by Fiat San Giorgio Shipyard, La Spezia, Italy on 18 July 1909, commissioned on 29 September 1909, sunk during an training on 9 October 1916, salvaged in 13 October 1916, decommissioned on 13 June 1917 and sold to be broken up. 

Several submarines for British Royal Navy under construction according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 7

An item reported that at the moment 6 submarine were under construction for the British Royal navy of which 3 were to be completed that same year. At Chatham were 2 D-class submarines (1) laid down and on 8 June was the C-34 launched.(2)

Notes
1. This were to be the D9 and D 10 but in fact launched as E1 respectively E 2 on 9 November 1912 and 23 November 1912.
2. Laid down at the HM Dockyard Chatham on 29 March 1909, launched on 8 June 1910, commissioned on 17 September 1910 and sunk by the German submarine U-52 off Fair Isle, Shetland on 17 July 1917. 

Repair costs of French submarine Pluviôse very high according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 7

An item reported that the budget for repairing the French submarine Pluviôse was estimated to be 400.000-500.000 francs with on the other hand even important objections against the repairs. Building costs of a new submarine of this type were 1,8 million francs.(1)

Note
1. The Q 51. Laid down at the Arsenal de Cherbourg, France on 27 May 1905, launched on 27 May 1908, commissioned on 10 May 1908, sunk due to a collision with the packet boat Pas de Calais off Calais, France on 26 May 1910, salvaged, repaired and recommissioned, stricken in 1919 and sold to be broken up in 1925. 

New precautions for French submarines at sea after the accident with the Pluviôse according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 7

An item reported that as result of the accident with French submarine Pluviôse new measures were made for submarine at sea. The submarines were to be escorted by a ship to warn passing steamships. Coastal stations were to show special signals and submarines were not allow to use passing ships as potential targets. The minimum diving depth was 16 metres before moving and when she came to the surface was the engine to be stopped and via underwater receiver listened for the noise of turning screws. The periscopes were to be lengthened with another 4 metres and each submarine was to be fitted out with a signal mast showing a flag. (1)

Note
1. The Q 51. Laid down at the Arsenal de Cherbourg, France on 27 May 1905, launched on 27 May 1908, commissioned on 10 May 1908, sunk due to a collision with the packet boat Pas de Calais off Calais, France on 26 May 1910, salvaged, repaired and recommissioned, stricken in 1919 and sold to be broken up in 1925. 

French destroyer Cavalier harassed by turbine problems during trials according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1910-1911 no. 11

An item referred to the magazine le Yacht reporting that the new French destroyer Cavalier which performed so well during the last trials was yet not available for service. When the turbines were examined after the trials were broken rotor blades discovered. This seemed to become a common problem while earlier the Chasseur had the same and also the battleship Voltaire seemed to be suffering from this problem known as Schaufalsalat.(1)

Note
1. Of the Chasseur-class consisting of the Chasseur, Actée, Cavalier, Fantassin and the Janissaire, preceded by the Voltigeur-class and succeeded by the Bouclier-class, launched by Chantiers et Ateliers Augustin Normand, Le Havre, France on 9 May 1910, training ship since 1914 and stricken in December 1927. 

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

German 15th Century cog Die Bunte Kuh of Hamburg


Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum Bremerhaven August 2017

Original painting made by Hans Borhdt (1857-1945) in 1901 representing the Hanseatic cog Die Bunte Kuh which under command of Simon of Utrecht (14th Century-14 October 1437) made a end of the terror by the pirate Claus Störtebeker (around 1360-20 October 1401. He is in 1380 for the first time mentioned in 1380 in court documents of Wismar. Störtebeker was active in the Baltic for the Swedish against the Danes around 1389 and since 1396 he chose the side of the Frisians against the Dutch. He was taken prisoner by Simon of Utrecht off Heligoland and beheaded after a trial in 1401 although newest sources pointed out that he executed in 1400 and that the story of Simon of Utrecht and his in 1401 completed Die Bunte Kuh was not true.