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Sunday, 28 August 2016

Danish anchor handling tug supply vessel Maersk Laser 2010-


Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 27 August 2016

Denmark-flagged, homeport Nordby, IMO 9455404, MMSI 220582000 and call sign UIC2. Owned and managed by Maersk Supply Services, Copenhagen, Denmark. Built by PS Werften Stralsund, Stralsund, Germany in 2010. Deadweight 5.400 tons, gross tonnage 6.821 tons and as dimensions 79,00 (between perpendiculars)-90,30 (over all) x 23,00 moulded) x 7,80 *summer maximum) x 1,70 (freeboard at maximum draft) x 8,50 (moulded depth) metres. Accommodation 70 persons included crew. Deck load aft 20,00 metres=15 tons/square metre and fore 20,00 metres-10 tons/square metre, deck length 42,10 metres, deck breadth 19,50 metres and deck area 800 square metres. Speed 10,00 (economical)-16,7 (maximum) knots. Bollard pull 269 tons. Total horsepower 23.500 nhp.

Dutch cargo barge/pontoon (ex-Shanghai Zhenhua ZPMC 1043 2014) Iron Lady 2014-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 27 August 2016

Panama-flagged, IMO 9665140. Dimensions 200 x 58 metres. Gross tonnage 38.719 ton. Delivered in January by the Dutch tug Fairmount Alpine after in departure in mid-August 2014 from Shanghai, China. Owned by Allseas BV, Delft, Netherlands.

British Queen Elizabeth-class battleships added to the Atlantic Fleet according to the Dutch newspaper Leeuwarder nieuwsblad dated Saturday 3 Augusts 1929

Queen-Elizabth-class

An item dated London, England 3rd reported that in begin November the 4 battleships of the British Queen Elizabeth-class now part of the Mediterranean Fleet were to be transferred to the Atlantic Fleet. The battleship HMS Warspite (1) remained stationed in the Mediterranean although as the only battleship there retained. The British Admiralty stated that on Sunday the reasons for this transfer would be supplied.

Note
1. Pennant 03. Laid down at the HMD Dockyard Devonport, England on 31 October 1912, launched on 26 November 1913, commissioned on 8 March 1915, modernized in 1924 and March 1934-March 1937, decommissioned on 1 February 1945,while underway to be broken up run aground at Prussian Cove around 19 April 1947. Efforts to salvage her in 1950 were not successful and after she was finally beached off St. Michael’s Mount {Marazion, England] and there broken up.

American secretary for foreign affairs stated battleships still the core of the US navy according to the Dutch newspaper Soerabaijsch handelsblad dated 23 December 1919

An item dated Washington, USA 22nd reported that the American secretary for foreign affairs officially stated that battleships were still the core of the US navy although their number was to be decreased. It was not certain what the secretary meant with this statesmen. The newspaper mentioned some possibilities as using the battleships longer as 20 years which was now common, delaying the replacement or even decreasing their numbers.

American replacing old battleships possible delayed according to the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Handelsblad dated 14 September 1929

An item dated Washington, USA 13th reported that the replacement of battleships as accepted under the disarmament treaty of 1921 was to be delayed if the proposal of the American cabinet was accepted on the common discussions which were to follow the negotiations going on between the USA and the United Kingdom.

Japanese critical over American-British disarmament plans according to the Dutch newspaper Leeuwarder courant dated 14 September 1929

An item dated Tokyo, Japan 13th reported that press and navy officers were critical about the American-British agreement limiting the disarmament. The Americans and British claimed that Japan desired a disarmament with a ratio of 70% for Japan.

Naval disarmament conference to be keep according to the Dutch newspaper Leeuwarder courant dated 14 September 1929

An item dated Washington, USA 13th reported that probably in next December a naval disarmament conference was to keep as a result of the latest negotiations between the USA and the United Kingdom. All types of ships were to be discussed resulting in an immediately decrease of all ships. France, Italy and Japan were to be asked if they want to join the congress.

German battle cruiser SMS (ex-Ersatz Kaiserin Augusta) Lützow 1912-1916

SMS Seydlitz

SMS Derfflinger and Lützow

SMS Hindenburg
SMS Mackensen-class

Of the Derfflinger-class, consisting of the Derfflinger, Lützow  and the Hindenburg with a modernized design, preceded by the Seydlitz and succeeded by the never built Mackensen-class. Building ordered under the 1912-1913 Naval Programme as the Ersatz Kaiserin Augusta, laid down at the Schichau-Werft, Danzig with yard number 885 in May 1912, launched on 29 November 1913, commissioned for executing trials on 8 August 1915, full commissioned in March 1916, heavily damaged during the Battle of Jutland and scuttled on 1 June 1916. Building costs 58 million Mark. 

Displacement 26.600 (normal load)-31.2000 (full load) tons and as dimensions 210 (at waterline)- 210,40 (over all) x 29 x 9,20 metres or 689-.2-697.2 x 95.2 x 30.2 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 sets marine turbines, 14 coal-fuelled and 8 oil-fuelled boilers delivering 62.138 (design)-79.880 (trials) shp allowing a speed of 26.4 (trials)-26.5 (design) knots and with a speed of 14 knots a range of 5.600 nautical miles. Crew numbered 1.122 men (included 44 officers). Armour consisted of a 10-30cm/3,9-11.8” thick belt with the gun turrets and conning tower protected by respectively 27cm/11” and 30cm/12”. The armament consisted of 4x2-30,5cm/12” L.50 quick firing guns, 14x1-15cm/5.9” L/45 quick firing guns, 12x1-8.8cm/3.5” /45 guns and 4-60cm/23.6 torpedo tubes. 

German battle cruisers SMS Derfflinger 1912-1919 (1948)

SMS Seydlitz

SMS Derfflinger and Lützow

SMS Hindenburg
SMS Mackensen-class

Of the Derfflinger-class, consisting of the Derfflinger, Lützow and the Hindenburg with a modernized design, preceded by the Seydlitz and succeeded by the never built Mackensen-class. Building ordered under 1912-1913 Naval Program, laid down by Blohm&Voss, Hamburg, Germany with yard number 213on 30 March 1912, launching planned on 14 June 1913 but failed when wooden sledges jammed, launched on 17 July 1913, commissioned on 1 September 1914, scuttled at Scapa Flow, Orkney Isles, Scotland on 21 June 1919, wreck salvaged in 1939, anchored in capsized condition off the island of Risa, sent to Faslane Port in 1946 where the breaking was completed in 1948. Nicknamed Iron Dog. Building costs 56 million Mark.

Displacement 26.600 (normal load)-31.2000 (full load) tons and as dimensions 210 (at waterline)- 210,40 (over all) x 29 x 9,20 metres or 689-.2-697.2 x 95.2 x 30.2 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 sets marine turbines, 14 coal-fuelled and 8 oil-fuelled boilers delivering 62.138 (design)-75.586 (trials)  ship allowing a speed of 25,5 (trials)-26.5 (design) knots and with a speed of 14 knots a range of 5.600 nautical miles. Crew numbered 1.122 men (included 44 officers). Armour consisted of a 10-30cm/3,9-11.8” thick belt with the gun turrets and conning tower protected by respectively 27cm/11” and 30cm/12”. The armament consisted of 4x2-30,5cm/12” L.50 quick firing guns, 12x1-15cm/5.9” L/45 quick firing guns, 12x1-8.8cm/3.5” /45 guns (after 1916 just 2 left) and 4-50cm/19/7” torpedo tubes.

German battle cruiser SMS Hindenburg 1913-1919 (1932)

SMS Seydlitz

SMS Derfflinger and Lützow

SMS Hindenburg
SMS Mackensen-class

Building ordered under the 1912-1913 Naval Program as a replacement of th protected cruiser Hertha, laid down at the Kaisrliche Werft, Wilhelmshaven, Germany on 1 October 1913, launched on 1 August 1915, commissioned on 10 May 1917, fully operational on 20 October 1917, scuttled by her own crew in Scapa Flow, Orkney Isles, Scotland on 21 June 1919, wreck salvaged on 23 July 1930 and broken up at Rosyth, Scotland between 1930-1932.

Part of the Derfflinger-class although with a modified design like improved gun turrets resulting in an increased fire range with 2.5 degrees more elevation (16 degrees). Displacement 26.180 (normal load)-31.200 (full load) tons and as dimensions 21,8 x 29,0 x 9,57 metres or 698 x 95.1 x 31.4 feet. The machinery consisted of 4 shaft Parsons turbines and 18 boilers delivering 94.467 shp allowing a speed of 26,6 (trials_ knots and with a speed of 12 knots a range of 6.100 nautical miles. The crew numbered 1.112 men (included 44 officers-1.390 (wartime). The armour consisted of a 30cm thick belt, 3cm deck and the conning tower and gun turrets protected by respectively 30cm and 27cm. The armament consisted of 4x2-30,5cm/12” L/45 quick firing guns, 14x1-15cm/5.9” L/45 quick firing guns, 4x1-8,8cm and 4x1-60cm torpedo tubes.

Preliminary design for a American fast battleship dated 14 February 1913


The American General Board was at that time interested in replacing the battle cruisers-concept by fast battleships as she informed the Naval Wwar College on 18 January that same year. This fast battleships was to be armed with the new 16” guns, of which development started in October the year before. In April was another preliminary design made of a similar fast battleship although to be armed with 14” instead of 1”6” guns.

Dimensions 895 (water line) x 100 (extreme) x 30.5 (mean) feet and a displacement of 50.000 tons. Longitudinal coefficient 0,668. Armament 4x2-16” breech loading guns, 16-6” quick firing guns and 6 submerged 21”torpedo tubes. The machinery and 24 boilers supplied 74.800 ihp allowing a speed of 25 knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 8.000 nautical miles and able to steam 24 hours full speed.

The armour consisted of a main side belt amidships only 24.9’, depth below waterline 8’6” and a thickness of 15”, 10-15”, barbettes 5” (light part)-14” (heavy part), turrets 5” (roof)-10” rear)-10/11” (sides)-16” (port), conning tower proper 16”, conning tower tube 6” (light)-16” (heavy), uptake protection 14”, protective deck total 4” S.T.S. over 20# middle), splinter deck total thickness 1&1½” over 20# mild.

Normal displacement of 50.800 tons: hull complete 22.11. tons, hull fittings 107. tons, protection 1.237 tons, steam engineering 4.785 tons, res. feed 2/3 supply 499 tons, battery 1.441 tons, ammunition &2/3 ordinance stores 1.370 tons, equipment&2/3 equipment stores 650 tons, outfit&2/3 stores 800 tons, oil fuel 2/3 supply 2.700 tons and 1.193 tons margin.

Source 
The so-called Spring Styles Book 1 (March 1911-September 1925). Naval History and Heritage Command. Lot S-584-27. Preliminary designs prepared by mostly civilians working at the Bureau of Construction and Repair (succeeded by the Bureau of Ships nowadays the Naval Sea Systems Command) under supervision of naval architects of the Navy Construction Corps. A major part of the drawings was presented to the General Board which advices the Secretary of the Navy.

USA planning building 35.000 tons battleships according tot the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 16 July 1934

An item dated Washington, USA 13th reported that the American secretary for navy Swanson (1) in a press meeting stated that the cabinet possessed plans for building 2-35.000 ton battleships. A decision was however delayed until the naval conference in 1935.

Note
1. Claude Augustus Swanson (31 March 1862 Swansonville, Virginia, USA-7 July 1939 Rapidan Camp, Virginia, USA), lawyer and Democratic politician, secretary of the navy 5 March 1933-7 July 1939.

England and France wanted 25.000 tons as maximum displacement for battleships according to the Dutch newspaper Bredasche courant dated 12 July 1934

The Roma sistership of the Littorio and Vittorio Veneto

An item reported that the meeting between the French minister Piétri and British naval experts were still without result. This was caused by the intention of Italy to start in 1934 with the building of 2-35.000 ton battleships.(1) The intention was to persuade Italy to accept as 25.000 tons as maximum tonnage for battleships which would isolate the USA which wanted larger battleships.(2) This British-French-Italian front against the USA was however to fail if Italy did not change her building plans. Politicians remarked that on the guest list for a banquet at the French embassy at London, England the names of the American naval experts were missing. The American ambassador Bingham was invited but disarmament delegate Norman Davis not.(3)

Notes
1. The Littorio-class battleships finally consisted of the Littorio (renamed Italia in 1943), Vittorio Veneto, Roma and Impero (never completed) with a displacement varying between 45.028 and 45.485 tons and a main armament of 3x3-38,1cm/15” L/50 guns. The first two already laid down on 28 October 1934.
2. The Second London Naval Disarmament Conference was held in London, United Kingdom from 9 December 1935 on ending in the so-called Second London Naval Treaty signed by the United Kingdom, USA and France. Japan and Italy both did not ratify in contrary to the past. Dealing with the capital ships was a maximum displacement of 35.000 tons armed with maximum 14” guns. There was an escape for the calibre, if Italy or Japan still not ratify after 1 April 1937 was 16” allowed. In 1938 was the maximum displacement increased to 45.000 tons. As a result of the outbreak of the Second World War on 1 September 1939 ended in fact the treaty effectively.
3. Norman Hezekiah Davis (9 August 1878 Normandy, Bedford, Tennessee, USA-2 July 1944 Hot Springs, Virginia, USA), diplomat and for instance delegate for the USA at the General Disarmament Conference, Genova, Switzerland.

British First Lord of the Admiralty Wilbur denied extensive shipbuilding program according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 17 November 1927

An item dated London, England 16th reported that the British minister of navy Lord Bridgeman (1) denied that the England was to attend the naval conference at Genova, Switzerland (2)with an shipbuilding program of larger ships and increased financial consequences. This program was the reason that Lord Cecil stepped out of the cabinet. Bridgeman stated that the proposals however resulted in more as 51 million pound sterling saving by replacing the battleships and more as a million saving for each cruiser to be built in the future. Furthermore had at Genova been none discord between Cecil (3) and his colleagues. Bridgeman himself was as he said of peace believing that even a failure of the Genova conference would not result in a new naval arms race.

Notes
1. William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman (31 December 1864 London, Englan-14 August 1935 Leigh Manor, Shrophsire, England), Conservative politician, First Lord of the Admiralty November 1924-June 1929.
2. On 20 June 1927 started the Geneva Naval Conference aiming to limit the construction of cruisers, destroyers and submarines. France and Italy were not present at Geneva. This conference failed and was followed by the London Naval Conference resulting in the London Naval Treaty.
3. Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (14 September 1864 London, England-24 November 1958 Chelwood Gate, Danehill near Haywards Heath), under secretary of state for foreign affairs 30 May 1915-10 January 1919 and supporter/architect of the League of Nations.

Elevation of main guns of American battleships USS Oklahoma and Nevada probably modernized according to the Dutch newspaper De Grondwet dated 12 December 1927

Nevada-class

An item reported that the American House of Representatives approved a proposal included the needed budget pf 940.000 US dollars to alter the elevation of the main guns on board of the battleships Oklahoma (1) and Nevada (2) if president Coolidge (3) agreed that such idea was not a breach of the Washington Naval Treaty.

Notes
1. Of the Nevada-class consisting of the USS Nevada (BB-36) and Oklahoma (BB-37) preceded by the New York-class and succeeded by the Pennsylvania-class. Building authorized on 4 March 1911. Laid down by New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey on 26 October 1912, launched on 23 March 1914, sponsored by Lorena J. Cruce, commissioned on 2 May 1916, modernized at the Philadelphia navy yard between 1927-1930, sunk with the loss of 429 men during the Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 7 December 1942, decommissioned and stricken on 1 September 1944, salvaged and sold to the Moore Drydock Company, Oakland, California for 46.000 US dollars to be broken up on 5 December 1935 and underway to her final destination I San Francisco Bay sunk on a unknown position in a storm more as 500 miles distance from Hawaii on 17 May 1947.
2. Of the Nevada-class consisting of the USS Nevada (BB-36) and Oklahoma (BB-37) preceded by the New York-class and succeeded by the Pennsylvania-class. Building approved on 4 March 1911. Contract signed on 22 January 1912 with an additional on 31 July 1912. Laid down by Fore River Shipbuilding Company, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA on 9 November 1912, launched on 11 July 1914, sponsored by Eleanor Anne Seibert, commissioned on 20 September 1916, modernized at the Norfolk Navy Yard included replacement of her direct drive by geared steam turbines and replacing her 12 by just 6 boilers between August 1927-January 1930, damaged by the Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 7 December 1941, repairs completed in October 1942, decommissioned on 29 August 1946, sunk while used as a target on 31 July 1948 and stricken on 12 August 1948. Building costs 5.895.000 US dollars.
3. John Calvin Coolidge jr. (4 July 1872 Plymouth, Vermont, USA-5 January 1993 Northampton, Massachusetts), president 2 August 192304 March 1929.

British battleships called back from Egypt according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 17 June 1927

Queen Elizabeth-class

An item dated London, England 16th reported that the British cabinet informed the House of Commons that the second Egyptian note according to the British High Commissary in Egypt the intentions of the Egyptian cabinet satisfying explained All what caused the tensions of the last weeks was solved and the both British battleships (1,2) sent o Alexandria, Egypt were to be called back.(3)

Notes
1. Malaya of the Queen-Elizabeth-class consisting of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 01. Laid down at Armstrong Whitworth and Company, High Walker, Tyneside, England on 20 October 1913, launched on 18 March 1915, commissioned on 1 February 1916, in reserve since end of 1943, used as target in Loch Striven 15/17 May 1944, decommissioned to be used if needed as bombardment battleship, decommissioned becoming accommodation ship for torpedo school  end 1944 and sold to Metal Industries on 20 February 1948 and broken up at Faslane, Scotland in 1948. Building costs 2.045.709 pond sterling.
2. Barham of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 04. Laid down at John Brown, Clydebank, Scotland on 24 February 1913, launched on 31 October 1914, commissioned on 19 October 1915, modernized 1921-1922, November 1924-January 1925, begin 1928 and January 1931-January 1934 and sunk in the Mediterranean after leaving Alexandria, Egypt on the 24th taking with her 862 men after she was torpedoed by the German submarine U-311 on 25 November 1941. Building costs 2.470.113 pond sterling.
3, Egypt was until 5 November 1914 part of the Ottoman Empire and since then a British protectorate. After a revolt decided the British cabinet to declare unilateral the independence of Egypt on 22 February 1922 followed by a constitution a year later. England however kept armed troops in Egypt until the Anglo-Egyptian treaty ratified on 22 December 1936. All British troops were to be withdrawn except for the ones protecting the Suez Canal and surroundings.

Saturday, 27 August 2016

Turkish Danube monitor Podgorizza [Podgoriçe] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted of 2-25pd Armstrong guns. Horsepower 80 hp. Speed 6 miles upstream. Tonnage 408 tons and as dimensions 95.3 x 32 x 5.6 (fore and aft) x 6.8 (depth) feet. Iron armour with a thickness of 2.5” on 10” teak. Built in France in 1868. Crew numbered 34 men (included 4 officers), should be 51 men.

Turkish Danube monitor Ischkodra [İşkodra] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted of 2-25pd Armstrong guns. Horsepower 80 hp. Speed 6 miles upstream. Tonnage 408 tons and as dimensions 95.3 x 32 x 5.6 (fore and aft) x 6.8 (depth) feet. Iron armour with a thickness of 2.5” on 10” teak. Built in France in 1868. Crew numbered 44 men (included 6 officers), should be 51 men.

Turkish Danube monitor Semendria [Semendire] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted of 2-25pd Armstrong guns. Horsepower 80 hp. Speed 6 miles upstream. Tonnage 408 tons and as dimensions 95.3 x 32 x 5.6 (fore and aft) x 6.8 (depth) feet. Iron armour with a thickness of 3” on 13 “ teak. Built by Société anonyme des forges et chantiers de la Méditerrannée, France in 1864. Crew numbered 24 men (included 6 officers), should be 51 men.

Turkish Danube monitor Bekverdieln [Böğürtlen] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted of 2-25pd Armstrong guns. Horsepower 80 hp. Speed 6 miles upstream. Tonnage 408 tons and as dimensions 95.3 x 32 x 5.6 (fore and aft) x 6.8 (depth) feet. Iron armour with a thickness of 3” on 13 “ teak. Built by Société anonyme des forges et chantiers de la Méditerrannée, France in 1864. Crew numbered 38 men (included 5 officers), should be 51 men.

Turkish Danube monitor Feth-ül İslâm according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted of 2-25pd Armstrong guns. Horsepower 80 hp. Speed 6 miles upstream. Tonnage 408 tons and as dimensions 95.3 x 32 x 5.6 (fore and aft) x 6.8 (depth) feet. Iron armour with a thickness of 3” on 13 “ teak. Built by Société anonyme des forges et chantiers de la Méditerrannée, France in 1864. Crew numbered 26 men (included 6 officers), should be 51 men.

Turkish turret casemate ship Lütf i Dschelil [Lûft-i Celîl] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

Armament consisted of 2-9” guns, 2-90pd guns and 1-4-d Armstrong guns. Horsepower 200hp with twin screws. Tonnage 1.771 tons and as dimensions 214 x 43.2 x 9 (fore and aft) x 24 (depth feet. Turrets not of similar and hand driven with in the aft turret the smaller guns. On the fore ship armoured bulwark with fixed sledge. Armour thickness 5” on 10” teak. Bark-rigged with tripod masts. Built at Bordeaux, France in 1868. Crew numbered 122 men (included 12 officers), should be 219 men.

Turkish turret casemate ship Hifs e Rahman [Hıfz-ı Rahman] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

Armament consisted of 2-9” guns, 2-90pd guns and 1-4-d Armstrong guns. Horsepower 200hp with twin screws. Speed 12 miles. Tonnage 1.771 tons and as dimensions 204 x 43.2 x 9 (fore and aft) x 24 (depth feet. Turrets not of similar and hand driven with in the aft turret the smaller guns. On the fore ship armoured bulwark with fixed sledge. Armour thickness 3-4½-5” on 10” teak. Bark-rigged with tripod masts. Built at Bordeaux, France in 1868. Crew numbered 132 men (included 12 officers), should be 219 men.

Turkish turret casemate ship Avni Illah according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

Armament consisted of 2x2-9” Armstrong guns in with each other connected turrets.  Horsepower 400hp. Speed 12,5 miles. Tonnage 1.399 tons and as dimensions 230 x 25.5 x 16 (fore and aft) x 20 (depth) feet. Armour thickness 5-6” on 10” teak. Schooner-rigged. Built by Samuda Brothers, England in 1868. Crew numbered 145 men (included 15 officers), should be 219 men.

Turkish turret casemate ship Muin i Zafer [Muîn-i Zafer] according to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

Armament consisted of 2x2-9” Armstrong guns in with each other connected turrets.  Horsepower 400hp. Speed 12.5 miles. Tonnage 1.399 tons and as dimensions 230 x 25.5 x 16 (fore and aft) x 20 (depth) feet. Armour thickness 6” on 10” teak. Schooner-rigged. Built by Thames Iron Works, Blackwall, England in 1868. Crew numbered 137 men (included 14 officers), should be 219 men.

Turkish turret casemate ship Jdjalnieh [Avnillâh] .ccording to the magazine Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete des Seewesens 1875 no. 11

The armament consisted 2-9” guns and 2-7” guns in the casemate and 1-7” Armstrong gun in the armoured turret amidships  Horsepower 300 hp. Speed 11,1 miles. Tonnage 1.650 tons and as dimensions 219  x 41 x 15 (fore)-17.6 (aft) x 25.6 (depth) feet. Armour had a thickness of 5 2/3-9” on 13” teak. Brigg-rigged. Built at Trieste, Italy in 1870. Crew numbered 148 (included 16 officers), should be 132 men.

British battleships called back from Egypt according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 17 June 1927

Queen Elizabeth-class

An item dated London, England 16th reported that the British cabinet informed the House of Commons that the second Egyptian note according to the British High Commissary in Egypt the intentions of the Egyptian cabinet satisfying explained All what caused the tensions of the last weeks was solved and the both British battleships (1,2) sent o Alexandria, Egypt were to be called back.(3)

Notes
1. Malaya of the Queen-Elizabeth-class consisting of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 01. Laid down at Armstrong Whitworth and Company, High Walker, Tyneside, England on 20 October 1913, launched on 18 March 1915, commissioned on 1 February 1916, in reserve since end of 1943, used as target in Loch Striven 15/17 May 1944, decommissioned to be used if needed as bombardment battleship, decommissioned becoming accommodation ship for torpedo school  end 1944 and sold to Metal Industries on 20 February 1948 and broken up at Faslane, Scotland in 1948. Building costs 2.045.709 pond sterling.
2. Barham of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 04. Laid down at John Brown, Clydebank, Scotland on 24 February 1913, launched on 31 October 1914, commissioned on 19 October 1915, modernized 1921-1922, November 1924-January 1925, begin 1928 and January 1931-January 1934 and sunk in the Mediterranean after leaving Alexandria, Egypt on the 24th taking with her 862 men after she was torpedoed by the German submarine U-311 on 25 November 1941. Building costs 2.470.113 pond sterling.
3, Egypt was until 5 November 1914 part of the Ottoman Empire and since then a British protectorate. After a revolt decided the British cabinet to declare unilateral the independence of Egypt on 22 February 1922 followed by a constitution a year later. England however kept armed troops in Egypt until the Anglo-Egyptian treaty ratified on 22 December 1936. All British troops were to be withdrawn except for the ones protecting the Suez Canal and surroundings.

British offshore construction jack up (ex-Samsung 2095) Seajack Scylla 2015-



helde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 24 August 2016

Panama-flagged, IMO 9698939, MMSI 356068000 and call sign 3FSA3.
Delivered in November 2015. Accommodation for 130 persons, Helideck diameter 22,2 metres. Working in depth of at least 65 metres. Main deck area 4.600 square metres. Main deck load capacity 10 tons/square metres. Type Gusto MSC BG14000X. Built by Samsung Shipbuilding&Heavy Industries, Geoje, South Korea as Samsung 2095, Dimensions hull 139 (main deck) x 50 x x 6 (to hull)-7,988 (included Spudcan Pins) depth) metres. Four triangular truss legs. Especially designed for deeper water larger wind farm components. Owned and managed by Seajacks UK, Great armouth, United Kingdom.

Irish general cargo vessel Arklow Rebel 2005-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 24 August 2016

Ireland-flagged, homeport Arklow, IMO 9291731, MMSI 250000444 and call sign EIVG. Owned and managed by Arklow Shipping, Wicklow, Ireland. Built by Barkmeijer Strrobos, Stroobos, Netherlands in 2005.

Friday, 26 August 2016

British battleships Malaya, Barham Royal Sovereign probably underway towards Egypt according to the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 30 May 1927

Quuen Elizabeth-class

Revenge-class

An item dated Malta 29th reported the immediately departure of the British battleships Malaya (1), Barham (2) Royal Sovereign (3) after received superior orders It was common believed that their destination was Egypt.(4)

Notes
1. Of the Queen-Elizabeth-class consisting of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 01. Laid down at Armstrong Whitworth and Company, High Walker, Tyneside, England on 20 October 1913, launched on 18 March 1915, commissioned on 1 February 1916, in reserve since end of 1943, used as target in Loch Striven 15/17 May 1944, decommissioned to be used if needed as bombardment battleship, decommissioned becoming accommodation ship for torpedo school  end 1944 and sold to Metal Industries on 20 February 1948 and broken up at Faslane, Scotland in 1948. Building costs 2.045.709 pond sterling.
2. Part of the Queen Elizabeth, Malaya, Warspite, Valiant, Barham, Malaya and the in 1914 cancelled Agincourt. Preceded by the Iron Duke-class and succeeded by the Revenge-class. Pennant 04. Laid down at John Brown, Clydebank, Scotland on 24 February 1913, launched on 31 October 1914, commissioned on 19 October 1915, modernized 1921-1922, November 1924-January 1925, begin 1928 and January 1931-January 1934 and sunk in the Mediterranean after leaving Alexandria, Egypt on the 24th taking with her 862 men after she was torpedoed by the German submarine U-311 on 25 November 1941. Building costs 2.470.113 pond sterling.
3. Of the Revenge-class. Laid down at the Navy Dockyard, Devonport, England on 15 January 1914, launched on 39 April 1915, commissioned on 18 April 1916, in Russian navy as the Akhangelsk serving 30 May 1944-January 1949 and broken up at Inverkeiting, Scotland where she arrived on 18 May 1949. Pennant 05. Building costs 2.570.504 pound sterling.
4. Egypt was until 5 November 1914 part of the Ottoman Empire and since then a British protectorate. After a revolt decided the British cabinet to declare unilateral the independence of Egypt on 22 February 1922 followed by a constitution a year later. England however kept armed troops in Egypt until the Anglo-Egyptian treaty ratified on 22 December 1936. All British troops were to be withdrawn except for the ones protecting the Suez Canal and surroundings.

British Super Napier flyboats sent towards Singapore according to the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 30 May 1927

An item dated London, England 29th reported that the British department for aviation sent four Super Napier flyboats towards Singapore which was a trip of 25.000 miles.

American president Coolidge approved modernizing battleships according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 3 March 1927

An item dated Washington, USA 2nd reported that the American president Coolidge (1) approved the budget law needed for modernizing battleships.

Note
John Calvin Coolidge jr. (4 July 1872 Plymouth, Vermont, USA-5 January 1993 Northampton, Massachusetts), president 2 August 192304 March 1929.

Japan approved under conditions further limiting fighting value of battleships according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 29 June 1927

An item dated Tokyo, Japan 29th reported that according to the Japanese minister of Navy Japan approved the British proposal to increase the displacement of new battleships to a maximum of 30.000 tons and further to arm with a maximum calibre of 14” if the United Kingdom and the USA did the same.

Preliminary design for the American battleship USS New Mexico (BB-40) dated 13 October 1913

Pennsylvania-class


design New Mexico dated 13 October 1913

In the design stage of the battleship USS New Mexico (1) to be built under the Fiscal Year 1915 were this preliminary design presented on 14 October 1913 to the Executive Committee of the Navy’s General Board. It was a modified version of the design dated 8th October ( S-584-31-A) as a result of a hearing on 10th October.

Dimensions 696 (water line) x 95.5 (outside of plating) x 30.9’ (mean) feet and a displacement of 39.500 tons. Block coefficient 0.656, Longitudinal coefficient 0,670. Armament 5x2-16” breech loading guns, 22-5” quick firing guns and 4-21” submerged torpedo tubes. The turbine machinery and 12 boilers (divided over 3 rooms) supplied 38.000 ihp allowing a speed of 21 knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 8.000 nautical miles.

The armour consisted of a main side belt amidships extreme width 17’4 5/8”, depth below waterline 8.6’ and a thickness of 16”, 10-16”, barbettes 5.25” (light)-15” (heavy part), turrets 6” (roof)-10.5” rear)-11/12” (sides)-21” (port), conning tower proper 16”, fire control 16”, conning tower tube 6 (light)-16” (heavy), uptake protection 15”, protective deck total 140# and splinter deck total thickness 80# and 60#. Percentage of waterline protected .795.

Normal displacement of 39.500 tons: hull complete 16.263 tons, hull fittings 1.648 tons, protection 11.819 tons, steam engineering 2.563 tons, res. feed 2/3 supply 253 tons, battery 1.597 tons, ammunition &2/3 ordinance stores 1.530 tons, equipment&2/3 equipment stores and outfit&2/3 stores 1.275 tons, oil fuel 2/3 supply 1.799 tons and 753 tons margin.

Source 
The so-called Spring Styles Book 1 (March 1911-September 1925). Naval History and Heritage Command. Lot S-584-35. Preliminary designs prepared by mostly civilians working at the Bureau of Construction and Repair (succeeded by the Bureau of Ships nowadays the Naval Sea Systems Command) under supervision of naval architects of the Navy Construction Corps. A major part of the drawings was presented to the General Board which advices the Secretary of the Navy.

Note
1. Nicknamed “The Queen’. Ordered in 1914 was she laid down at the New York Navy Yard on 14 October 1915, launched on 13 April two years later while christened by Miss Margaret Cabeza De Baca and a year later on 20 May 1918, at Philadelphia between March 1931-January extensively modernized, decommissioned on 19 June 1946 was she on 25 February of the next year stricken. Her scrapping started on 24 November and was July 1948 finished. With a clipper bow. Of the New Mexico-class with as sister ships the Idaho and the Mississippi, which succeeded the Pennsylvania-class and which was at her turn succeeded by the Tennessee-class. The reason that the New Mexico-class was nothing more than an improved design of her predecessor instead of a complete new for a 12-140,5cm battleships was lacking enough budget which was denied by Secretary of Navy Josephus Daniels.

Preliminary design for the American battleship USS New Mexico )BB/40’ dated 8 October 1913

Pennsylvania-class


Design dated 8 October 1913

In the design stage of the battleship USS New Mexico (1)  to be built under the Fiscal Year 1915 were 5 preliminary designs drawn which were on 10 October 1913 presented to the Executive Committee of the Navy’s General Board.

Dimensions 650 (water line) x 95.5 (outside of plating) x 30.0 (mean) feet and a displacement of 35.500 tons. Block coefficient 0.667, Longitudinal coefficient 0,681. Midship section coefficient 0.980. Armament 5x2-16” breech loading guns, 22-5” quick firing guns and 4 submerged torpedo tubes. The turbine machinery and 12 boilers (divided over 3 rooms) supplied 38.000 ihp allowing a speed of 21 knots and with a speed of 10 knots a range of 8.000 nautical miles.

The armour consisted of a main side belt amidships extreme width 17’4 5/8”25.5’, depth below waterline 8.6’ and a thickness of 13½”, 8-13½”, barbettes 4½” (light)-13” (heavy part), turrets 5” (roof)-9” rear)-9/10” (sides)-18” (port), conning tower proper 16”, fire control 16”, conning tower tube 6 (light)-16” (heavy), uptake protection 13”, protective deck total 120# and splinter deck total thickness 80# and 60#.

Source 
The so-called Spring Styles Book 1 (March 1911-September 1925). Naval History and Heritage Command. Lot S-584-31A. Preliminary designs prepared by mostly civilians working at the Bureau of Construction and Repair (succeeded by the Bureau of Ships nowadays the Naval Sea Systems Command) under supervision of naval architects of the Navy Construction Corps. A major part of the drawings was presented to the General Board which advices the Secretary of the Navy.

Note
1. Nicknamed “The Queen’. Ordered in 1914 was she laid down at the New York Navy Yard on 14 October 1915, launched on 13 April two years later while christened by Miss Margaret Cabeza De Baca and a year later on 20 May 1918, at Philadelphia between March 1931-January extensively modernized, decommissioned on 19 June 1946 was she on 25 February of the next year stricken. Her scrapping started on 24 November and was July 1948 finished. With a clipper bow. Of the New Mexico-class with as sister ships the Idaho and the Mississippi, which succeeded the Pennsylvania-class and which was at her turn succeeded by the Tennessee-class. The reason that the New Mexico-class was nothing more than an improved design of her predecessor instead of a complete new f was lacking enough budget which was denied by Secretary of Navy Josephus Daniels.

Thursday, 25 August 2016

Dutch ocean-going tugs Zwarte Zee and Witte Zee towed British harbour depot ship Indus II towards ship breakers according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant dated 18 April 1923

Majestic-clas

An item dated Rotterdam, Netherlands reported that the Dutch ocean-going tugs Zwarte Zee and Witte Zee of L. Smit&Co. departed that day from Devonport, England towards Dover, England towing the British 15.000 ton battleship Victorious to the ship breakers to be broken up under the Washington Naval Treaty.

Notes
1. Laid down at the Chatham Dockyard, England on 28 May 1894, launched by the later queen Mary on 19 October 1895, completed in November 1896, commissioned on 26 November 1896, refitted at Chatham, England between 8 August 1903-February 1904, guard ship in 1914, laid up with main armament removed until September 1915m converted into a repair ship by Palmers, Jarrow between September 1915-February 1916, commissioned on 22 February 1916, stationed at Scapa Flow, renamed Indus II and transferred to Devonport, England in March 1920, refit there to be used with the Indus Establishment cancelled, a conversion into a harbour depot ship was stopped in April 1922, sold to be broken up on 19 December 1922, sale cancelled on 1 March 1923, resold on 9 April 1923 and broken up at Dover, England.
2. Result of the Washington Naval Conference between November 1921-February 1922 signed by USA, England, Japan, Italy and France to limit the building of battleships, battle cruisers and aircraft carriers and to limit the possession of such capital ships by stopping completion of breaking up already existing.

British battleship HMS Emperor of India full speed underway towards Constantinople, Turkey according to the Dutch newspaper De Maasbode dated 9 January 1923


An item dated London, England 8th reported that officially was stated that the tiding received from Paris, France that the British troops were preparing their retreat from Constantinople, Turkey was not true. The large battleship Emperor of India (1) was expected at Malta and to go from there with all haste towards Constantinople.2(20

Note
1. Of the Iron Duke-class consisting of the Iron Duke, Marlborough, Benbow and Emperor of India. Preceded by the King George V-class and succeeded by the Queen Elizabeth-class. Laid down at Vickers, Barrow-in-Furnesss on 31 May 1912, launched on 27 November 1913, renamed Emperor of India, completed in November 1914, commissioned on 10 November 1914 and finally stricken in 1929, used as a target for gun practices sunk in 1931 salvaged and sold to be broken up on 6 February 1932 arriving at Rosyth, Scotland on 16 February 1932 for this purpose, Her building was ordered as the Delhi.
2. At that moment was the Turkish War of Independence between 19 May 1919-11 October 1922 although there was an armistice still unfinished. Not earlier as on 24 July 1923 was with the Treaty of Lausanne peace. Their opponents of the Ottoman Sultanate were Armenia, Greece, England, Italy and France. The locations of the acts were was Anatolia, North Mesopotamia and Thrace.

Budget for modernizing American battleships USS Arizona and Pennsylvania approved according to the Dutch news De Tijd dated 26 February 1919

Pennsylvania-class



An item dated Washington, USA 25th reported that the American president Coolidge (1) signed the law asking approval of a budget of 14,4 million US dollars needed for modernizing the battleships Arizona (2) and Pennsylvania.(3) The Algemeen Handelsblad dated 10th published a item dated Washington 9th reporting that the Congress approved the same day the law.

Notes
1. John Calvin Coolidge (4 July 1872 Plymouth, Vermont, USA-5 January 1933 Northampton, Massachusetts, USA), president 2 August 1923-4 March 1929.
2. Of the Pennsylvania-class and her building was ordered on 4 March 1913. laid down at the Brooklyn Yard 16 March 1914, launched 19 June 1915 sponsored by Esther Ross and commissioned 17 October 1916. She was sunk by the Japanese attack taking with her 1,177 lives and the wreck is nowadays a memorial. She was finally stricken from the navy list 1 December 1942.
3. Part of the Pennsylvania-class consisting of the Pennsylvania and Arizona, preceded by the Nevada-class and succeeded by the New Mexico-class. To be built under the 1913 fiscal year was a design asked with 4x3-14” guns, 22-12,7cm/5” guns and a speed of 21 knots and a armour comparable with that of the Nevada-class. At least 10 preliminary designs were proposed of which the 7th was chosen and further worked out. Building ordered on 22 August 1912, laid down by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Newport News on 27 October 1913, launched on 16 March 1915, sponsored by Elizabeth Kolb, commissioned on 12 June 1916, modernized at the Philadelphia Navy Yard 1 June 1929-1931, used during Operation Crossroads nuclear bombs tests at Bikini in July 1946, towed to and decommissioned at Kwajalein Lagoon 29 August 1946, sunk off Kwajalein Atoll on 10 February 1948 and stricken on 19 February 1948.

British prime minister MacDonald wanted to abolish all battleships according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant dated 12 December 1929

An item dated New York, USA 12th referred to an American magazine which reported that MacDonald would propose on the next fleet disarmament conference to abolish all battleships. The reason for his intention was to make France clear that it not longer had to keep submarines in service as while the USA and the United Kingdom had then no longer battleships in service.(1)

Notes
1. James Ramsay MacDonald (12 October 1866 Lossiemouth, Scotland-in the Atlantic Ocean on board of the Reina del Pacifico 9 November 1937), British politician of the Labour Party, prime minister of the United Kingdom 22 January 1924-4 November 1924 and 5 June 1929-7 June 1935. Strong supporter of the League of Nations.
2. The London Naval Treaty ratified on 27 October 1930 by United Kingdom, USA, Japan, France and Italy and registered in the League of Nations Treaty Series on 6 February 1931?

American destroyer USS Bailey (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Thornton (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Morris (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS McCawley (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Moody (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Henshaw (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Meyer (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Doyen (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Sharkey (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Toucey (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Shetland Islands multi purpose anchor handling tug and utility vessel Whalsa Lass 2011-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 23 August 2016

United Kingdom-flagged, homeport Lerwick, Shetland Islands, Scotland, IMO 9633812, MMSI 235089425 and call sign 2EXQ4. Built by Damen Shipyard Hardinxveld, Hardinxveld-Giessendam, Netherlands with yard number 571661 in 2011. Damen Multicat 2611. Gross tonnage 255 tons, displacement 515 ton and as dimensions 26 x 11,5  x 2,15 x 3,50 (depth at sides) metres.  Horsepower main engines 2.586 bhp and thrusters 271 bho. Speed 10 knots. Bollard pull37 tons. A/H winch 100 ton pull, tow winch 50 ton pull and tugger winches 13 ton pull. Owned by Delta-Marine, Lerwick, Shetland Islands.

Turkish containership (ex-Wanda A 2009-2012, Vento di Nortada 2012-2012) Wanda A 2013


Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 23 August 2016

Turkey-flagged, homeport Izmir, Turkey, IMO 9415947, MMSI 281040007 and call sign TCXE6. Built at PS Werften Wolgast, Wolgast, Germany in 2009. Owned by Arkas Shipping&Transport, Izmir, Turkey and managed by Arkas Group, Istanbul, Turkey. Ex-Wanda A renamed November 2012 and Vento di Nortada renamed 21 November 2013.

British reefer (ex-Coral; Universal 1993-1994, Horncloud 1994, Coral Universal 1994, Horncloud 1994, Geesttide 1994-1995, Horncloud 1995-1998, Coral Reef 1998-2003) Durban Star 2003-


Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 23 August 2016

Bahamas-flagged, homeport Nassau, IMO 9019121, MMSI 311126000 and call sign C6RO6. Built at the Gdansk Shipyard, Gdansk, Poland in 1993. Owned and managed by Star Reefers UK, London, England. Ex-Coral; Universal renamed January 1994, Horncloud renamed January 1994, Coral Universal renamed February 1994, Horncloud renamed December 1994, Geesttide renamed August 1995, Horncloud renamed January 1998 and Coral Reef renamed August 2003.

Dutch trawler Maatje Helena (YE-138) 1997-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 23 August 2016

Netherlands-flagged, IMO 91688427, MMSI 245933000 and call sign PDAU. Built at the Van der Werff&Vossier, Imsum, Netherlands in 1997.

German cargo vessel African Forest 2010-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 23 August 2016

Antigua&Barbuda-flagged, homeport St. John’s, IMO 9425162, MMSI 305659000 and call sign V2FF4. Gross tonnage 20.973 tons, summer deadweight 28.440 tons and as dimensions 166,31 (Over all) x 27,40 x 9,1 and a depth of 14,20 metres. Cargo hold capacity 32.200 cbm. Container capacity 603 TEU under and 1.039 TEU on deck. Speed 15 knots. Her crew numbers 18 men. Built in 2010 by Huanghai Shipbuilding, Tongcheng, China. Owned and managed by Rörd Braren Bereederungs GmbH&Co.KG, Kollmar, Germany.

American destroyer USS McCook (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Belknap (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Shubrick (1918) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1918, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Tingey (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Swasey (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Meade (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Sinclair (1919) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1919, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Edwards (1918) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1918, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Greene (1918) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1918, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

American destroyer USS Ballard (1918) in 1923

Launched at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard, Quincy, Massachusetts, USA in 1918, completed in 1919, displacement 1.215 tons, 27.000 hp horsepower, all geared turbine oil fuelled machinery and an armament of 4-4” guns, 1-14pd anti aircraft gun and 4x3-21” torpedo tubes.

Source
Archive Dutch Naval Staff 1886-1942 (National Archive at The Hague, Netherlands) inventory number 155. Fleets (the British Empire and foreign countries) on 1 February 1923.

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

USA could not afford continuous replacing battleships within short periods according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 2 August 1929

An item dated Washington, USA 1st August reported that not as in recent times was believed that battleships were to be abolished but their service period was to be lengthened. This was to be a necessary issue at the negotiations for the eventual agreement between the major naval powers. A spokesman of the White House pointed out the gigantic costs of battleships and that despite the American wealth the cabinet would study each proposal with interests leading in reducing costs, especially of ships of 37 million US dollars each. In Washington was believed that of all naval powers just Japan would agree in reducing the budget needed for replacing battleships.

British naval losses after the battle of Doggerbank according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 28 January 1915

battle cruiser HMS Tiger

Indomtable of the Invincible-class battle cruisers

Lion-class battle cruisers

An item dated London, England 27th reported the safe return of all British cruisers and destroyers in the harbours.(1) The Lion (2) was hit below the waterline by a grenade and some of her front compartments were filled with water. She was towed homeward by the Indomitable.(3) The disabled destroyer Meteor (4) was towed by the Liberty (5). Both ships were escorted by a large number of destroyers. It was expected that the repairs would soon be finished. On board of the Lion were 17 men wounded, on the Tiger (6) 1 officer and 9 sailors killed 3 officers and 8 men wounded and on the Meteor 4 men killed and one wounded.

Notes
1. From the Battle of Dogger Bank between German and British naval forces on 24 January 1915.
2. Launched at the Devonport Dockyard, Plymouth, England on 29 September 1909, launched on 6 Augustus 1910, completed in May 1912, commissioned on 4 June 1912, laid up in reserve in March 1920, as a result of the Washington Naval Treaty stricken, paid of on 30 March 1922 and sold to be broken up for 77.000 pound sterling on 31 January 1924. Building costs 2.086.458 pound sterling. Of the Lion-class preceded by the Indefatigable-class and succeeded by the Queen Mary and consisting of the Lion and the, Princess Royal nicknamed Splendid Cats. This class was realized as a result of the German arms race and to be able to destroy the German Moltke-battle cruisers. Displacement 26.690 tons/26.270 long tons (normal load)-31.310 tons/30.820 long tons (deep load) and as dimensions 213,4 x 27,0 x 9,9 (deep load) x 1,8 (metacentric height at deep load) metres or 700’ x 88‘6.75”x 32.5’ x 6‘. The 2 paired sets Parsons direct-drive steam turbines in separate engine-rooms manufactured by Vickers and 42 Yarrow boilers (in 7 boiler rooms) supplied via 4 shafts 70.000 (design)-76.000 (trials) shp allowing a speed of 28 (design) knots. With a speed of 10 knots and a coal bunker capacity of 3.556 tons and 1.153 tons fuel oil was the range 5.610 nautical miles. Their crew numbered 1.092 men. The armour consisted of a 10,2-22,9cm/4-9” thick belt, 10,2cm/4” thick bulkheads, 6,4cm/2.5” thick decks with the gun turrets, barbettes and conning tower protected by respectively 22,9c./9”, 20,3-22,9cm/8-9” and 25,4cm/10”. The original armament consisted of 4x2-34,3cm/13.5” breech loading Mk V guns, 16x1-10,2cm/4” breech loading guns and 2x1-53,3cm/21” torpedo tubes. In begin 1918 carrying with her 2 planes launched from platforms on top of the Q and X turrets.
3. Battle cruiser. Of the Invincible-class consisting of the Invincible, Indomitable and Inflexible. Laid down at the shipyard of Fairfield, Govan, Scotland on 1 March 1906, launched on 16 March 1907, commissioned on 25 June 1908, added to the Reserve Fleet in 1919, paid off in March 1920 and sold to be broken up on 1 December 1921. Building costs 1.752.337 (with guns)-1.761.080 (without guns) pound sterling.
4. Destroyer of the M-class, launched at Thornycroft on 24 July 1914 and sold to be broken up in 1921.
5. Destroyer ex-Rosalini renamed on 30 September 1913, launched at White on 15 September 1913 and sold in 1921.
6. Battle cruiser, preceded by the HMS Queen Mary and succeeded by the Renown-class. Laid down by John Brown and Company, Clydebank, Scotland on 20 June 1912, launched on 15 December 1913, commissioned on 3 October 1914, decommissioned on 15 May 1931 and sold to be broken up in February 1932.

American president Coolidge approved selling government merchant ships according to the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 12 February 1929

An item dated Nauen 10th referred to tidings  from New York, USA reporting that the American president Coolidge approved the sale of 13 ships of the government merchant fleet to private companies.

Notes
1. John Calvin Coolidge (4 July 1872 Plymouth, Vermont, USA-5 January 1933 Northampton, Massachusetts, USA), president 2 August 1923-4 March 1929.

Russian battleship Slava sunk in action according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 20 October 1917

Russian battleship Slava

German König-class battleships

An item dated London, England 18th reported that during a battle in the Gulf of Riga the Russian battleship Slava sunk.(1)

Note
1. Of the Borodino-class. Building ordered on 30 January 1900, laid down at the Baltic Shipyard, Saint Petersburg, Russia on 1 November 1902, launched on 29 August 1930, commissioned in October 1905, participated not in the Russo-Japanese war due to late delivery, used as training ship for new officers after 1906, added to the Baltic Fleet after 1910, grounded in the Moon Sound Strait near the island of Muhu while she -being heavily damaged by the German SMS König- could not escape from the German naval forces and sunk by Russian destroyers on 17 October 1917, stricken from the Navy List on 29 May 1918 and broken up by Estonian inhabitants in 1935. Displacement 13.733 tons/13.516 long tons (design)-14.646/14.415 (normal ) tons and as dimensions 118,69 (waterline)-121,1 (over all) x 23,2 x 8,9 metres or 389.5-397.3 x 76.1 x 20.2 feet. The 2-4cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engines and 20 Belleville water tube boilers, all made by Baltic Works, supplied via 2 screws 15.800 ihp (design)-16.378 ihp (trials) allowing a maximum speed of 17,64 knots (trials). With the maximum coal bunker capacity at full load of 1.372 tons/1.350 long tons and a speed of 10 knots was her range 2.590 nautical miles. Her crew numbered 846 men. The original armament consisted of 2x2-30,5cm/12” guns with 60 rounds each gun, 6x2-15,2cn/6” guns with 180 rounds each gun, 20x1-7,5cm/3.0” guns with 300 rounds each gun, 4x1-4,7cm/1.9” Hotchkiss saluting guns and 4-38,1cm/15” torpedo tubes (1x bow, 1xstern both surfaced, 2x1 broadsides submerged) for which 12 torpedoes were taken with her. Originally was the number of 4,7cm guns much more but before completion already removed. In the First World War was her armament changed with reducing the number of 7,5cm guns to 12 and adding anti aircraft guns, in begin 1917 numbering 4-7,6cm/3” guns.

The König was a dreadnought laid down at the Kaiserliche Werf, Wilhelmshaven. Germany in October 1911, with a displacement of 28.600 tons (full load) and a main armament of 5x2-30,5/12” cm guns and 14-15cm/5.9” guns. The Slava was lost during Operation Albion in September-October 1917 when Germany invaded the West Estonian Archipelago and trying to eliminate the Russian naval forces in the Bay of Riga.